Elven and Mannish languages all follow ‘Subject-Verb-Object’ basic syntax, the same as English.
To eat: Is
The child ate the apple.
Lyliwyn isil quinilyn.
Adjectives always follow the noun. Usually, the suffix ‘-ir’ is added to the adjective. In a list of adjectives, the suffix is only added to the last.
The child ate the red apple.
Lyliwyn isil quinilyn hymir.
The child ate the red, juicy, delicious apple.
Lyliwyn isil quinilyn hym péth danisir.
Adverbs usually precede the verb, unless the verb is not followed by a noun.
Hungrily : Luisthi
The child hungrily ate the apple.
Lyliwyn luisthi isil quinilyn
The child hungrily ate.
Lyliwyn isil ti luisth. (With hunger)
Rylithin goes to the market.
Rylithin fuin incyrthil.
Look over there.
There are pretty girls at the festival.
Tewyn hyir lir thi Nemynhyl.
Generally, the prefix ‘a-‘ is used to indicate plurality, and the prefix ‘la-‘ to indicate duality.
Elf – Wyn
Elves – Awyn
Elves (2) – Lawyn
Dog – Kuin
Dogs – Akuin
Dogs (2) – Lakuin
Clothes (article) – Luin
Clothes (plural) – Aluin
Outfit – Laluin
If a word already begins with an ‘a’, then the prefix becomes ‘an-‘
Tree – Ath
Trees – Anath
Usually, the suffix ‘-il’ indicates past tense in the verb, while ‘-yn’ is added to the object noun.
The elf goes to the riverbank.
Wyn fuin mirluir.
The elf went to the riverbank.
Wyn fuinil mirluryn
Notice the change in spelling of ‘mirluir’, which is absent in ‘fuinil’. This is due to the pronunciation. When ‘i’ in a word with ‘ui’ just before the final consonant is long, the ‘i’ is removed when ‘-yn’ is added.
Usually, the suffix ‘-in’ indicates future tense. This is only added to the verb.
The elf will go to the riverbank.
Wyn fuinin mirluir.
In first and second person, nothing changes, save for the obvious ‘I’, ‘me’, ‘you’, etc. Usually, the suffix ‘-a’ indicated third person, in the present tense. In other tenses, the verb remains unchanged.
I go to the market.
Rya fuin incyrthil.
He goes to the market.
Ci fuina incyrthil.
The suffix ‘-el’ represents ownership.
Rylithin’s Journey to Cyaduinirth
Dafuin Rylithinel Cyaduinirth.
The suffix ‘-ri’ indicates verbal adjective (equivalent to English ‘-er’; one who does something.)
He is a hunter.
She is a farmer.
When asking a question, one could:
1) Use a question word
• Who – Til
• What – Tu
• Where – Thil
• How – Tuthil
• Why – Nyr
2) Switch the verb and object noun, hyphenate, put subject noun at the end.
He’s going to the market?
3) Use intonation.
Other Prefixes and Suffixes
-cyr: To remove, or to lack; ‘de-‘, ‘un-‘, ‘ir-‘.
Hi-: Able to.
Tha-: Product of, end result of.
Lyranni, as well as Arani, Nürni, and Lori are all written in The Elven script, which has its roots in Old Elvish. Letters are written along the bottom of a horizontal line that spans the length of a word. The first and last letters are always extended vertically to mark the beginning and end of the word.
PS: No, it's not done yet, so don't complain about that. However, pointers on what to change or do next are welcome.